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February 27

In the immediate aftermath of Trump’s national emergency declaration condemnations and legal challenges have been issued from numerous sources. The declaration circumvents congressional authorization to obtain partial, initial funding for the construction of a southern border wall. The State of California led a coalition of 16 states in filing a lawsuit against the Trump administration in an effort to “protect their residents, natural resources and economic interests.” This came on the heels of a lawsuit filed by Public Citizen representing Texan landowners living along sections of the proposed wall and an environmental group alleging property rights violations and another suit jointly issued by Animal Legal Defense Fund, Center for Biological Diversity and Defenders of Wildlife. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Protect Democracy and the Niskanen Center will follow suit and join the legal front shortly.

“Far from a humane lesser-evil, the “smart wall” or “techno wall” could signal even greater danger to migrants attempting to cross the border.”

Although legal analysts initially advanced claims that Trump’s declaration rested on weak legal ground, just days later mainstream media outlets from the Guardian to The New York Times bore front-page headlines warning that the emergency declaration could indeed be legally upheld by the courts. Legal experts now note that courts are unlikely to second-guess the President on what constitutes a national emergency and that many of the states participating in the California-led coalition may experience difficulty proving solid standing, especially those not on the southern border and potentially directly affected by wall construction. Moreover, if Trump plans to only incrementally apply funds and starts with the $1.4 billion congressionally approved allocation, the suits could be dismissed on the basis that they aren’t addressing questions of imminent nature.

The strategic approach offered by politicians appears even less promising than legal methods. Democrats and a few Republicans could muster a congressional majority to legislatively challenge the declaration. However, this maneuver would surely provoke a Trump veto. The fight would return to congress where it would likely fail to garner the two-thirds majority necessary to override vetoes.

“The differences between “Trump’s wall” and the “smart wall” are superficial, not substantial. Neither will succeed in halting unauthorized migration entirely, but both will force migrants onto increasingly dangerous desert cross routes, endangering human life on new scales.”

The probable failure of these respective strategies notwithstanding, their more fundamental flaw is found in their presumption of the Democratic Party’s proposal on border security as a viable alternative to Trump’s wall. Far from a humane lesser-evil, the “smart wall” or “techno wall” could signal even greater danger to migrants attempting to cross the border. Beyond funding to still construct 55 miles of border fencing, the border spending package allocates $400 million in no-strings attached funds for “border security technology and procurement.” The application of heightened security technology could witness increases in aerial surveillance such as drone usage, biometric screening practices like facial recognition and DNA collection or widespread use of automatic license plate readers.

The differences between “Trump’s wall” and the “smart wall” are superficial, not substantial. Neither will succeed in halting unauthorized migration entirely, but both will force migrants onto increasingly dangerous desert cross routes, endangering human life on new scales. The alternate schemes of militarization and criminalization will continue to ensure a supply of precarious migrant labor to U.S. capital and both proposals will help satisfy a need of the ruling economic and political classes to identify and vilify a scapegoat through xenophobic methods. That the deportation machine and border regime remain bipartisan projects is hardly shocking, lest we forget that the title of deporter-in-chief still belongs to Barack Obama, not Donald Trump.

Educate, Support, Disrupt: Only We Can Beat Borders

Legal and congressional challenges pose no solutions and offer no alternatives to the human crisis the border and deportation infrastructures entail. Only grassroots exercises in collective struggle, mutual aid and direct action can confront any border wall, free immigrant prisoners from detention centers and secure freedom of movement for all people.

Popular Education and Mutual Aid

“Combined with anti-raid rapid response mobilizations, deportation blockades at airports, no border encampments and Border Patrol checkpoint disruptions, these direct interruptions of deportation and border infrastructures will prove paramount.”

Many grassroots legal defense groups, immigrant rights organizations and workers centers already engage in important educational work, ensuring undocumented migrants are aware of their legal rights if confronted by ICE or Border Patrol agents. Anti-authoritarian leftists should advance these efforts to disseminate know-your-rights information widely. Energy should also be afforded to popular education endeavors. Community meetings, workshops etc. could tackle a range of issues, from legal defense and analyses of the causes of migration to discussions regarding strategy and tactics in migrant justice struggles. Anti-authoritarian leftists can offer deeper analytical clarity on questions pertaining to the political economy of migration and racism than their liberal and advocacy-centric counterparts.

Efforts to extend material solidarity have been strengthening. Supply drives for the recent migrant caravans have blossomed and militants have converged in Tijuana and San Diego to bolster the emerging legal aid, medical and housing infrastructures to support and sustain the caravans. Caravan support fits neatly with other direct support projects migrant justice organizations have long undertaken, from prisoner letter writing, to coordinating ride-shares for undocumented people to attend ICE hearings or relatives of detainees to visit loved ones to other material assistance projects.

Direct Action Will Get the Goods

We too must assume the offensive. ICE and Border Patrol will cease to operate when their functions are sufficiently inhibited through disruption and direct action. The Occupy ICE and Abolish ICE movements that erupted in the summer of 2018 popularized important direct action tactics, namely that of occupations and blockades, whether on the official property of ICE facilities or in their general vicinity. These have complimented and contributed to the existing tactical repertoires utilized by more militant sections of the migrant solidarity movement. Combined with anti-raid rapid response mobilizations, deportation blockades at airports, no border encampments and Border Patrol checkpoint disruptions, these direct interruptions of deportation and border infrastructures will prove paramount.

“Coordinated and widespread direct action will be key in the struggle to abolish ICE and secure a world without deportation and borders.”

Even if operating outside the proximity of direct infrastructure like ICE Field Offices or detention centers, militants and organizers can still target supporting or indirect infrastructure. Grappling with the strategic dilemma of an absence of ICE property in Olympia, Washington in the summer of 2018, demonstrations at the personal residence of ICE agents were organized. Faced again with this enduring dilemma during the recent #BlockTheWall days of action, Olympia activists summarily shut down three banks issuing debt-financing to ICE detention center contractors, GEO Group and CoreCivic. Whether Trump’s wall or the Democrats’ “smart” wall, heightened border militarization will be facilitated through credit provision from large financial institutions and hinge on partnerships and contracts with the private sector, notably in the construction, security and technology industries. If neither direct or indirect infrastructures can be identified, street protest shouldn’t be discounted. Street mobilizations, when replicated on regional and national scales, wield significant disruptive potential by halting transportation and commercial circulation.

Beyond merely executing direct action, effectiveness is predicated on coordination across wide geographical scales. Militants should explore and heed the strategic insights outlined by Radical Education Department (RED) in Anarchism and Revolutionary Strategy: Insurrectionary Councillism and the introduction to Rebellion and Possibility: Voices in the Anti-ICE Struggle Volume 1. Their strategy proposals call for combative social movements to “combine, intensify and federate” through expanded tactical repertoires and the formation of direct action councils federated on a regional or national basis. Coordinated and widespread direct action will be key in the struggle to abolish ICE and secure a world without deportation and borders.

Sources/Further Reading:

1. Nature and potential limits of legal and congressional challenges to Trump’s national emergency declaration: The New York Times “16 States Sue to Stop Trump’s Use of Emergency Powers to Build Border Wall.”  The Guardian “Trump might have a solid case for emergency declaration, analysts say.” The Guardian “California leads 16 state lawsuit over Trump’s emergency declaration.”
2. On the “smart wall” or “techno wall”: “A “Smart Wall” That Fails to Protect Privacy and Civil Liberties is Not Smart.”  Summary of the Full-Year Appropriation Act for the Department of Homeland Security, 2019.”  “Electronic Frontier Foundation Action Alert.”
3. It’s Going Down “This Is America #55: The “Smart” Wall and Counter-Insurgency.” It’s Going Down “This is America #59: When World’s Collide.
4. On the political economy of migration: “No One Is Illegal: Fighting Racism and State Violence on the U.S.-Mexico Border” by Justin Ackers Chacon and Mike Davis. “Undoing Border Imperialism” by Harsha Walia.
5. It’s Going Down “Is Trump’s National Emergency a Step Toward Fascism? ABC News “Obama Has Deported More People Than Any Other President.”
6. Support the caravan with Commotion
7. It’s Going Down Timeline of Disruptive Actions in the Borderlands
    It’s Going Down Blockade the Deportation Machine // Bloquear La Máquina Deportiva
8. It’s Going Down Taking it to Their Doorstep
9. It’s Going Down Olympia, WA: #BlockTheWall Report Back
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